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Don't Let Hail Damage Ruin Your Roof - Repair Options

Hailstorms can be incredibly destructive, especially for your roof. The impact of hail can lead to significant damage, causing leaks, structural issues, and costly repairs if not addressed promptly. Ignoring or delaying repairs can turn minor issues into major problems, making timely roof repairs crucial for maintaining the safety and longevity of your home.

Throughout this article, we will explore the various aspects of roof hail damage, including the types of damage, how to assess and repair them, and the factors influencing repair decisions. We'll also discuss the pros and cons of DIY versus professional repairs and preventative measures to protect your roof from future hailstorms. By the end, you'll understand why addressing hail damage promptly is essential and how professional solutions can help you effectively protect your home.

Understanding Roof Hail Damage

What is Roof Hail Damage?

Roof hail damage occurs when hailstones strike the surface of your roof, causing various forms of deterioration. Hailstones can range in size from small pellets to large chunks, and their impact can compromise the integrity of roofing materials. The extent of the damage often depends on the size and velocity of the hailstones, as well as the age and condition of the roof itself.

Common Types of Damage

There are several common types of roof hail damage that homeowners should be aware of:

  1. Bruising: Hailstones can cause bruises on shingles, which may not be immediately visible. Bruises weaken the shingles and can lead to cracks or breaks over time.
  2. Cracking: Larger hailstones can cause shingles to crack. Cracks can allow water to seep through, leading to leaks and water damage within the home.
  3. Granule Loss: Asphalt shingles are coated with granules that protect them from UV rays and other elements. Hail impact can dislodge these granules, reducing the shingle's effectiveness and lifespan.
  4. Dents and Dings: Metal roofs, gutters, and flashing can be dented or dinged by hailstones. While these may seem like minor issues, they can weaken the materials and cause problems down the line.
  5. Loosening or Shifting: Hail can also cause shingles to loosen or shift, compromising the roof's overall structure and making it more vulnerable to future damage.

Signs to Look Out For

Identifying roof hail damage early is crucial for preventing further deterioration. Here are some signs to look out for:

  • Visible Dents or Cracks: Inspect your roof for any noticeable dents, cracks, or holes caused by hailstones.
  • Granules in Gutters: Check your gutters and downspouts for an accumulation of granules, which is a sign that your shingles may have been damaged.
  • Leaks or Water Stains: Look inside your home for any signs of leaks or water stains on the ceilings and walls, which could indicate roof damage.
  • Damaged Roof Vents and Flashing: Examine roof vents, skylights, and flashing for any dents, cracks, or other signs of impact.
  • Soft Spots on Shingles: Gently press on your shingles to feel for any soft spots, which could indicate bruising or underlying damage.

Understanding roof hail damage is the first step in protecting your home. Recognising the common types of damage and knowing the signs to look out for can help you address issues promptly, preventing more severe and costly repairs in the future. By staying vigilant and proactive, you can ensure the longevity and safety of your roof.

Assessing the Damage

DIY Inspection Tips

While it's always recommended to seek professional help for a thorough inspection, there are a few DIY steps you can take to initially assess the damage:

  1. Visual Inspection from the Ground: Start by walking around your home and looking at the roof from the ground. Use binoculars to get a closer look at any suspicious areas. Look for obvious signs of damage such as missing shingles, visible cracks, or dented metal parts.
  2. Check Gutters and Downspouts: Inspect your gutters and downspouts for granules, as their presence can indicate damage to asphalt shingles.
  3. Look for Interior Signs: Check your attic and ceilings for any signs of leaks or water stains, which could suggest damage to your roof's structure.

Importance of Professional Inspection

Despite the value of a DIY inspection, a professional assessment is crucial for accurately identifying and addressing roof hail damage. Professionals have the expertise and tools to detect damage that may not be visible to the untrained eye. They can thoroughly inspect areas that are difficult to reach and provide a comprehensive evaluation of the roof’s condition.

Professional inspectors will:

  • Climb onto the Roof: They will safely access the roof to inspect shingles, flashing, vents, and other components up close.
  • Use Specialised Tools: Tools like moisture metres and infrared cameras can help detect hidden water damage and structural issues.
  • Document the Damage: A detailed report with photos and descriptions of the damage will be provided, which is essential for insurance claims and repair planning.

Permacoat’s Inspection Services

Permacoat offers expert inspection services that ensure every aspect of your roof is thoroughly evaluated. Their experienced team uses advanced techniques and equipment to identify all forms of roof hail damage. By choosing Permacoat, you can be confident that your roof's condition is accurately assessed, and the best course of action for repairs is recommended.

Assessing the damage accurately is a crucial step in maintaining the health of your roof. While initial DIY inspections can help spot obvious issues, professional inspections are essential for a thorough and reliable assessment. Permacoat’s comprehensive inspection services provide peace of mind and a clear path forward for any necessary repairs.


Repair Options for Roof Hail Damage

When it comes to repairing roof hail damage, there are several options available depending on the extent of the damage and the type of roofing material. Choosing the right repair method is crucial for ensuring the longevity and effectiveness of your roof. Here, we will explore the main repair options: patching and sealing minor damage, partial roof replacement, and full roof replacement. We will also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each option.

Patching and Sealing Minor Damage

For minor hail damage, patching and sealing can be a quick and cost-effective solution. This approach is suitable for small cracks, bruises, or minor granule loss that doesn't affect the overall integrity of the roof.

Steps Involved:

  1. Cleaning the Area: The damaged area is cleaned to remove any debris or loose granules.
  2. Applying Sealant: A high-quality roofing sealant is applied to seal cracks and prevent water infiltration.
  3. Patching: If necessary, a patch is applied over the damaged area to reinforce the shingle or roofing material.

Advantages of patching and sealing minor damage: 

  • Cost-Effective: Patching and sealing are less expensive than larger repairs.
  • Quick Fix: This method can be completed relatively quickly, minimising disruption.

Disadvantages of patching and sealing minor damages: 

  • Temporary Solution: Patching may not be a permanent fix, especially if the roof is older or the damage is extensive.
  • Limited to Minor Damage: This method is only suitable for minor damage and may not address underlying issues.

Partial Roof Replacement

Partial roof replacement involves replacing only the damaged sections of the roof rather than the entire roof. This option is ideal when the hail damage is localised to a specific area and the rest of the roof is in good condition.

Steps Involved:

  1. Removing Damaged Sections: The damaged shingles or roofing material are carefully removed.
  2. Inspecting the Underlayment: The underlayment is inspected for any additional damage.
  3. Installing New Shingles: New shingles or roofing material are installed to match the existing roof.

Advantages of partial roof replacement: 

  • Cost Savings: Partial replacement is less expensive than a full roof replacement.
  • Extended Roof Life: This method can extend the life of the roof without the need for a complete overhaul.

Disadvantages of partial roof replacement: 

Matching Issues: It can be challenging to match the new shingles with the existing ones, especially if the roof is older and the colour has faded.

  • Potential for Future Repairs: If the rest of the roof is ageing, further repairs may be needed in the near future.

Full Roof Replacement

A full roof replacement involves removing the entire existing roof and installing a new one. This option is necessary when the hail damage is extensive or the roof is nearing the end of its lifespan.

Steps Involved:

  1. Removing the Old Roof: The entire roof, including shingles, underlayment, and flashing, is removed.
  2. Inspecting the Roof Deck: The roof deck is inspected for damage and repaired if necessary.
  3. Installing the New Roof: New underlayment, shingles, and flashing are installed to create a new, durable roof.

Advantages of a full roof replacement: 

  • Comprehensive Solution: A full replacement addresses all existing issues and provides a fresh start.
  • Long-Term Durability: A new roof can last for decades, providing peace of mind and protection.
  • Improved Energy Efficiency: Modern roofing materials can improve energy efficiency and reduce utility costs.

Disadvantages of a full roof replacement: 

  • Higher Cost: Full roof replacement is the most expensive option.
  • Longer Installation Time: This method takes more time to complete, resulting in longer disruption.

Choosing the right repair option depends on the severity of the damage, the age and condition of the roof, and budget considerations. It is essential to consult with a professional roofing contractor to assess the damage accurately and recommend the best course of action. Permacoat's experienced team can help you evaluate your options and provide reliable, high-quality repair solutions tailored to your needs. Whether you need a quick patch-up or a complete roof replacement, Permacoat ensures that your roof is restored to its optimal condition, protecting your home from future hailstorms.

Factors Influencing Repair Decisions

When deciding how to address roof hail damage, several critical factors must be considered to ensure the chosen repair method is both cost-effective and durable.

Severity of Damage

The extent of hail damage significantly influences the repair approach. Minor damage, such as small cracks or bruises, might only need simple patching and sealing. However, extensive damage, including large cracks, significant granule loss, or structural issues, often requires more comprehensive solutions like partial or full roof replacement. Assessing the damage accurately helps determine the appropriate repair method, balancing immediate needs with long-term protection.

Roofing Material

The type of roofing material plays a vital role in the repair decision. Asphalt shingles, for example, are common and relatively easy to repair, though matching new shingles to old ones can be challenging. Metal roofing, known for its durability, can dent and may require panel replacement. Tile roofing, while resistant to hail, can crack, necessitating the replacement of individual tiles. Wood shingles or shakes can split or crack from hail impact, demanding careful replacement to maintain the roof's functionality and aesthetic.

Insurance Coverage

Insurance coverage is a crucial consideration in the repair decision-making process. Understanding your policy’s coverage, limits, and exclusions related to hail damage is essential. The deductible amount and the process for filing claims also impact whether or not you should pursue an insurance claim. Proper documentation of the damage is vital to ensure a smooth claims process and adequate compensation for the repairs.

Budget Considerations

Budget constraints heavily influence the choice of repair method. While timely repairs are necessary, homeowners must balance repair costs with their financial situation. Evaluating the immediate costs of various repair options alongside the long-term benefits and potential savings of investing in durable, long-lasting solutions is important. Exploring financing options or payment plans offered by roofing contractors like Permacoat can help manage these expenses effectively.

Roof Age and Condition

The age and overall condition of the roof are significant factors in repair decisions. A newer roof may justify minor repairs if the damage is not extensive, extending its lifespan efficiently. Conversely, an older roof nearing the end of its lifespan may benefit more from a full replacement to avoid frequent future repairs and associated costs. Assessing the roof's current state helps determine whether investing in repairs or opting for a complete replacement is more practical.

Local Climate and Future Risks

Considering the local climate and potential future risks is crucial in deciding on repair strategies. In regions prone to severe weather, investing in more robust repair solutions provides better long-term protection. Areas with frequent hailstorms justify the cost of durable materials and comprehensive repairs, while milder climates may allow for less extensive repairs if severe weather is infrequent.

Professional Advice

Consulting with a professional roofing contractor, like Permacoat, ensures all relevant factors are considered, leading to the best repair strategy. Their expertise helps guide homeowners through assessing damage, exploring repair options, and making decisions aligned with their needs and budget. Professional advice ensures that the repair is done correctly, providing peace of mind and long-lasting protection for your homeBy carefully evaluating these factors, homeowners can make informed decisions that effectively address roof hail damage while considering financial and long-term implications. Permacoat’s team of experts is ready to assist in evaluating these factors and providing tailored repair solutions to ensure your roof remains resilient and functional.

Preventative Measures

Preventing hail damage to your roof requires proactive strategies and regular maintenance to protect your home from severe weather. While it’s impossible to completely eliminate the risk of hail damage, implementing preventative measures can significantly reduce the likelihood of costly repairs and prolong the life of your roof. 

Strategies to Minimise Future Damage

Install Impact-Resistant Roofing Materials:

  1. One of the most effective ways to prevent hail damage is to use impact-resistant roofing materials. These materials are designed to withstand the impact of hailstones better than standard roofing options. Impact-resistant shingles, for example, are made with reinforced materials that provide enhanced durability and protection. Metal roofing and rubber roofing are also excellent choices due to their resilience and ability to absorb impact without significant damage.

Regular Roof Inspections:

  1. Conducting regular roof inspections is crucial for early detection of potential issues. Inspections should be done at least twice a year, ideally in spring and Autumn, as well as after major storms. Regular inspections can identify minor problems before they escalate into significant damage. Professional inspections are recommended to ensure a thorough assessment of the roof’s condition.

Trim Overhanging Branches:

  1. Overhanging branches can pose a significant risk during hailstorms. Hail can cause branches to break and fall onto your roof, causing additional damage. Regularly trimming trees and removing branches that hang over your roof can minimise this risk. It also helps prevent leaves and debris from accumulating on the roof, which can lead to moisture retention and potential damage.

Reinforce Vulnerable Areas:

  1. Certain areas of your roof, such as edges, corners, and flashing, are more vulnerable to hail damage. Reinforcing these areas with additional protective materials can provide extra durability. Using high-quality, heavy-duty flashing and ensuring proper installation of roof edges can help safeguard these critical points.

Install Protective Roof Coatings:

  1. Applying a protective roof coating can enhance your roof’s resistance to hail damage. Roof coatings create a protective barrier that can absorb impact and prevent minor damage from escalating. These coatings also provide additional benefits, such as improved energy efficiency and extended roof lifespan.

Importance of Regular Maintenance

Regular maintenance is key to preserving the integrity of your roof and preventing hail damage. A well-maintained roof is better equipped to withstand severe weather conditions. Maintenance activities should include:

  • Cleaning Gutters and Downspouts: Ensuring that gutters and downspouts are clean and free of debris helps prevent water buildup and potential leaks. Proper drainage is crucial for maintaining the roof’s structural integrity.
  • Replacing Damaged Shingles: Promptly replacing any damaged or missing shingles can prevent water infiltration and further damage. Regularly checking for and addressing shingle issues is an essential part of maintenance.
  • Checking for Leaks: Regularly inspecting your attic and ceilings for signs of leaks or water stains can help identify issues early. Addressing leaks promptly can prevent more extensive damage and costly repairs.
  • Maintaining Roof Accessories: Ensuring that roof accessories such as vents, skylights, and flashing are in good condition is vital. Damaged accessories can compromise the roof’s effectiveness and lead to leaks and other issues.

Implementing preventative measures and maintaining your roof regularly can significantly reduce the risk of hail damage and extend the lifespan of your roof. By taking proactive steps and partnering with experienced roofing professionals, like Permacoat, you can safeguard your home from the destructive impact of hailstorms.


Addressing hail damage promptly is crucial for maintaining your roof's safety and longevity. We discussed the impact of hail, the importance of timely repairs, various repair options, and preventative measures. Immediate action and regular maintenance are key to preventing minor issues from becoming major problems. Prioritising professional solutions ensures your roof remains resilient against severe weather. Don’t let hail damage compromise your roof—seek expert assistance to keep your home secure through every storm.

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